The rules for singles and double don’t differ too
much, so let’s start with the basics.
Before a game starts it must be decided who puts the ball into play. In order
to decide this fairly one of the players drops the shuttlecock on
the floor. The player to whom the shuttlecock points can decide who
shall make the opening stroke.
Now let’s see about playing, counting points and mistakes:
- Every game consists of two sets.
- After a set the players change the sides of the field.
- A set is won as soon as one party achieves 15 points. If both
parties achieve 14 points and the score is 14:14 the party which
has first achieved 14 points is allowed to extend the set to 17
- If after 2 sets the game is not yet decided because each party
has won one set, a third set is played. Within the third set the
players need to swap sides after 8 points. The winner of the third
set is the winner of the game.
- Whoever hits the serve has to play the ball into the opposite
side of the field.
The serve in a singles:
If the party with the serve makes a mistake the other party gets the
serve but the score does not change.
The serve in a double:
Each player of a party is allowed to put the ball into play (Exception:
At the beginning of a set the person who stands on the right has to
hit the first stroke.)
If a party got a point the players have to swap positions. If this
party makes a mistake they lose the ball and the other party has to
put the ball into play. If then they get to put the ball into play
again it is the other partner’s turn.
- Making the serve a player hits the ball above the height of his
- The ball does not land in the right or not at all within the borders
of the field (see graphics)
- The ball is hit and gets into the net or beneath the net.
- The ball is hit before it has crossed the net.
- A player’s racket or body touches the net when the ball
is into play.
- A player’s body touches the ball
- One party hits the ball twice in a row.
The rules might sound a little complicated but you’ll
soon get used to them.